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Water Poverty

Page history last edited by Maya Rajasekharan 11 years, 10 months ago

This page summarises progress and observations on analysis of Water-related Poverty. 

 

A discussion on the analysis of water related poverty

A blog on water poverty has been started (03 June). Please contribute. deadline 15 June.

 

5 species of water-related poverty

Simon Cook offers a short summary of what he sees are 5 distinct kinds of water-related poverty. The benefit of distinguishing between different types is to help focus on the different causes and interventions within this very complex problem. 

According to this concept, poverty tends to increase...

1.    ...where people are deprived of water for basic needs of consumption or sanitation as a result of water scarcity.

2.    ...where people lack equitable access to water.

3.    ...where people are vulnerable to water-related hazards such as floods, droughts or disease.

4.    ...where people acquire insufficient benefit from water use. That is, low water productivity.

5.    …where people suffer loss of livelihood as a consequence of change.

For an expanded explanation please read Water food and poverty_1JUN09.docx

 

Poverty analysis framework for the Andes BFP

A useful description of the approach taken by the Andes BFP is shown to the right (click on the image to get a clearer view). Contact Glenn Hyman (g.hyman@cgiar.org) for more information and details.

 

 

BFP conducted 1st Poverty Mapping workshop at Ghana in March 2007. This report is intended to provide basis for further detailsed analysis at the 2nd Poverty Mapping workshop at Chiang Mai in October, 07. Water poverty mapping in the Volta Basin_Ghana Workshop Report.pdf

 

2nd Poverty Mapping Workshop was conducted at Chiang Mai, Thailand in November, 2007. For details, click here

 

World Bank Africa Report, 2007 adi_2007.pdf

 

An interesting report on Participatory Poverty Assessment by Narayan et. al., 1999 can be found at http://www1.worldbank.org/prem/poverty/voices/reports.htm or from this wiki VoicesOfPoverty.pdf

 

From the UNESCO wwap news

Facts and Figures on Water and Children

·   Of the 1.3 billion people living in abject poverty, the majority are women and children. They also happen to be the largest group systematically under-represented in water management arrangements.

 

·   Some 3,800 children die every day from diseases associated with lack of access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene.

 

·   Diarrhoeal diseases remain the leading cause of death from water-related diseases in children, accounting for 21% of all deaths of children under 5 in developing countries

 

·   Some 92% of all deaths of under-5 children occur in just 42 lower-income countries. It is estimated that 63% of all deaths of under-5 children can be prevented using current knowledge and methods including oral rehydration for diarrhoea, antibiotics for pneumonia, mosquito nets and anti-malaria drugs for malaria, better water supply, sanitation and domestic hygiene.

 

·   People’s effectiveness in managing and using water is only brought about with the provision of a basic education on water, sanitation and hygiene. If children are taught proper hygiene, primary schooling can transform them into health educators for their families, thereby passing on vital information and skills that can reduce household vulnerability to deadly diarrhoeal diseases by at least 40%.

 

·   In a refugee emergency, especially when there is a large influx in a short period, water is often not available in adequate quantity and quality, creating major public health hazards in refugee settlements, with young children being primary victims.

 

·   In some countries, because of an inadequate water supply, over 40% of refugee school children regularly skip classes to help their mothers collect water.

 

·   Girls make up most of the 115 million children currently out of school, and 80% of children not attending primary school in West/Central Africa, South Asia and Middle East/North Africa had mothers with no formal education at all. Reasons for this include the need for girls and women to walk long distances to bring water to the home and/or lack of sanitation facilities in schools.

 

·   The amount of time spent in collecting water – a task mainly performed by women and children – is increasing in many areas. Water supply must, therefore, also be viewed as a social issue and, more specifically, a gender issue. ·   Access to safe drinking water and sanitation reduces the burden on women and girls from looking after sick children or siblings and from water carrying, giving them more time for productive endeavours, education and leisure. ·   The Government of Pakistan has implemented the Punjab Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project, which provides safe drinking water and drainage facilities to about 800,000 people by using a community-based, participatory, demand-driven approach. The main impact of the project was to free women and children from the hard labour of carrying water. As a result, there is a reported 90% decrease in water-related diseases and as much as an 80% increase in the enrolment of school children in some communities.

http://www.unesco.org/water/wwap/wwdr2/

 

 Facts and figures taken from the 2nd United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR2), ‘Water, a shared responsibility’

 

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